TOWARDS QUALITY ISLAMIC EDUCATION: Madrasa Teachers’ Views on School Climate in East Java

Ali Mustofa

Abstract


Abstract: This research explores teachers’ views on school climate, related to teacher’s age, gender, and teaching experience for Madrasah Tsnawiyah teachers. Research is carried out to realize the quality of Islamic education. The 370 teachers were given a school climate perception scale adapted from the Comprehensive School Climate Inventory (NSCC) developed by Cohen through Google Form. The scale includes four aspects: safety, teaching and learning, relationships, and the environment, with a Cronbach’s Alpha reliability value of 0.700. From the data collection results, it was found that the age and length of the teacher’s teaching were significantly related to the teacher’s view of the school climate. Teachers who have long teaching experience have a more positive perception than teachers who have little teaching experience. Likewise, the teacher’s age shows that older teachers give a better view of the school climate than younger teachers. On the other hand, gender is not significantly related, meaning that male and female teachers have the same view of the school climate.

Abstrak: Tujuan riset ini mengeksplorasi pandangan guru tentang iklim sekolah yang berkaitan dengan usia guru, gender dan pengalaman mengajar guru Madrasah Tsnawiyah. Riset dilakukan dalam upaya mewujudkan kualitas pendidikan Islam. Para guru yang berjumlah 370 diberikan skala persepsi iklim sekolah yang diadaptasi dari Comprehensive School Climate Inventory (NSCC) yang dikembangkan oleh Cohen melalui google form. Skala tersebut meliputi empat aspek yaitu keamanan (safety), pengajaran dan pembelajaran (teaching and learning), hubungan (relationships), dan lingkungan (environment) dengan nilai reliabillitas Cronbach’s Alpha sebesar 0,700 dari hasil pengumpulan data tersebut. Nilai signifikansi usia 0.027, sementara guru yang memiliki pengalaman mengajar lama memiliki persepsi yang lebih positif dibandingkan guru yang lebih sedikit memiliki pengalaman mengajar. Begitu juga dengan usia guru yang menunjukkan bahwa guru yang lebih tua memberikan pandangan lebih baik/positif akan iklim sekolah dibandingkan guru yang lebih muda. Sebaliknya gender tidak berhubungan secara signifikan, artinya antara guru laki laki dan perempuan memiliki pandangan yang sama tentang iklim sekolahnya.

Keywords: school climate, age, gender, teaching experience


Keywords


Iklim sekolah, Usia, Gender, Pengalaman mengajar Guru

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aldridge, Jill, and Barry Fraser. “Teachers’ Perceptions of the Organisational Climate: A Tool for Promoting Instructional Improvement.” School Leadership and Management 38, no. 3 (2018): 323–344.

Barkley, Brian Patrick. “Teacher Perception of School Culture and School Climate in the ‘Leader in Me’ Schools and Non ‘Leader in Me’ Schools.” ProQuest LLC (2013). http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=ED554632&site=ehost-live%0Ahttp://gateway.proquest.com/openurl?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&res_dat=xri:pqm&rft_dat=xri:pqdiss:3569714.

Bastug, Gulsum, Adem Pala, Taner Yilmaz, Mehdi Duyan, and Ilker Gunel. “Organizational Silence in Sports Employees.” Journal of Education and Learning 5, no. 4 (2016): 126.

Bragg, Sara, and Helen Manchester. “Creativity, School Ethos and the Creative Partnerships Programme.” Newcastle, Australia: Creativity, Culture and Education (2011).

Byrne, Barbara M. “Burnout: Investigating the Impact of Background Variables for Elementary, Intermediate, Secondary, and University Educators.” Teaching and Teacher Education 7, no. 2 (1991): 197–209.

Cavrini, Giulia, Gina Chianese, Barbara Bocch, and Liliana Dozza. “School Climate: Parents’, Students’ And Teachers’ Perceptions.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 191 (2015): 2044–2048.

Cohen, Jonathan. “School Climate/ : Research , Policy ,” no. October 2017 (2009).

Cohen, Jonathan, Libby McCabe, Nicholas M Michelli, and Terry Pickeral. “School Climate: Research, Policy, Practice, and Teacher Education.” Teachers college record 111, no. 1 (2009): 180–213.

Cohen, Jonathan, Terry Pickeral, and Molly McCloskey. “How to Measure Climate” (2009).

Collie, Rebecca J, Jennifer D Shapka, and Nancy E Perry. “School Climate and Social–Emotional Learning: Predicting Teacher Stress, Job Satisfaction, and Teaching Efficacy.” Journal of educational psychology 104, no. 4 (2012): 1189.

D. C. Berliner. “Learning about and Learning from Expert Teachers.” International Journal of Educational Research 35 (2001): 463–482.

Danial, Danial, Muljono Damopolii, and Syamsudduha Syamsudduha. “Hubungan Antara Iklim Dan Budaya Madrasah Dengan Motivasi Kerja Guru Pada Madrasah Tsanawiyah Di Kecamatan Sinjai Barat Kabupaten Sinjai.” Manajemen Pendidikan 14, no. 1 (2019): 60–72.

Datnow, Amanda. “Collaboration and Contrived Collegiality: Revisiting Hargreaves in the Age of Accountability.” Journal of Educational Change 12, no. 2 (2011): 147–158.

Dernowska, Urszula. “Teacher and Student Perceptions of School Climate. Some Conclusions from School Culture and Climate Research.” Journal of Modern Science 1, no. 32 (2017): 63–82.

von der Embse, Nathaniel P., Laura L. Pendergast, Natasha Segool, Elina Saeki, and Shannon Ryan. “The Influence of Test-Based Accountability Policies on School Climate and Teacher Stress across Four States.” Teaching and Teacher Education 59 (2016): 492–502.

ERFINA, Erf. “IKLIM MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH DI KOTA BANDAR LAMPUNG.” UIN Raden Intan Lampung, 2021.

Eriguc, Gulsun, Associate Professor, Ozlem Ozer, Cuma Songur, and Research Assistant. “Organizational Silence among Nurses: A Study of Structural Equation Modeling.” International Journal of Business, Humanities and Technology 4, no. 1 (2014): 150–162.

Evers, Will J.G., Welko Tomic, and André Brouwers. “Burnout among Teachers: Students’ and Teachers’ Perceptions Compared.” School Psychology International 25, no. 2 (2004): 131–148.

Grayson, Jessica L., and Heather K. Alvarez. “School Climate Factors Relating to Teacher Burnout: A Mediator Model.” Teaching and Teacher Education 24, no. 5 (2008): 1349–1363.

Gül, H., & Özcan, N. “The Relationships between Mobbing and Organizational Silence: An Empirical Study in the Special Provincial Administration of Karaman.” Journal of Kahramanmaraþ Sütçü Ýmam University Economics and Administrative Sciences 2 (2011): 107–134.

Gunbayi, Ilhan. “School Climate and Teachers’ Perceptions on Climate Factors: Research into Nine Urban High Schools.” The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET 6, no. 3 (2007): 1303–6521.

Hamlin, Daniel. “Can a Positive School Climate Promote Student Attendance? Evidence From New York City.” American Educational Research Journal 58, no. 2 (2021): 315–342.

Hargreaves, David H. “School Culture, School Effectiveness and School Improvement.” School Effectiveness and School Improvement 6, no. 1 (1995): 23–46.

Harrison, Jennifer, Sue Dymoke, and Tony Pell. “Mentoring Beginning Teachers in Secondary Schools: An Analysis of Practice.” Teaching and Teacher Education 22, no. 8 (2006): 1055–1067.

Haynes, Norris M, Christine Emmons, and Michael Ben-Avie. “School Climate as a Factor in Student Adjustment and Achievement.” Journal of educational and psychological consultation 8, no. 3 (1997): 321–329.

Heikkinen, Hannu L T. “Beginning Teachers ’ Transition from Pre-Service Education to Working Life Theoretical Perspectives and Best Practices” (2011): 11–33.

Igbokwe, I. “Relationship between School Climate Ad Teachers’ Job Performance in Secondary Schools in Enugu State.” Nnamdi Azikiwe University, 2016.

Imanuddin, Ahmad Risqa Fidhaus. “Hubungan Iklim Madrasahdan Motivasi Berprestasi Terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Di Madrasah Satu Atap Yayasan Miftahul Ulum (MI, MTs, MA) Jombang.” UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya, 2018.

Ingersoll, Richard M. “Teacher Turnover and Teacher Shortages: An Organizational Analysis.” American Educational Research Journal 38, no. 3 (2001): 499–534.

James, Ndidiamaka J., Innocent C. Igbokwe, Adeline N. Anyanwu, and P. Obineme, Obiageli. “Gender Influence on School Climate and Organizational Silence Amongst Teachers in Anambra State.” European Scientific Journal ESJ 16, no. 10 (2020): 223–237.

James, Ndidiamaka J, Adeline N Anyawu, Innocent C Igbokwe, and Boniface Emengini. “Gender Difference in Teachers’ Perception of School Climate and Their Job Performance in Secondary Schools.” Journal of Education and Practice, no. March (2020).

kominfo.jatim. “Raih Adiwiyata Mandiri 2018, MAN I Lamongan Siap Ikuti Lomba Tingkat Asia.”

Kompas. “Siswa Indonesia Tangguh, Raih 15 Medali 3 Olimpiade Sains Di Masa PPKM.”

Koth, Christine W., Catherine P. Bradshaw, and Philip J. Leaf. “A Multilevel Study of Predictors of Student Perceptions of School Climate: The Effect of Classroom-Level Factors.” Journal of Educational Psychology 100, no. 1 (2008): 96–104.

Kukla-Acevedo, Sharon. “Leavers, Movers, and Stayers: The Role of Workplace Conditions in Teacher Mobility Decisions.” The Journal of Educational Research 102, no. 6 (July 2009): 443–452.

Kyndt, Eva, David Gijbels, Ilke Grosemans, and Vincent Donche. “Teachers’ Everyday Professional Development: Mapping Informal Learning Activities, Antecedents, and Learning Outcomes.” Review of Educational Research 86, no. 4 (2016): 1111–1150.

Lacks, Paige. “The Relationships between School Climate, Teacher Self-Efficacy, and Teacher Beliefs” (2016).

Lehr, Camilla A, and Sandra L Christenson. “Best Practices in Promoting a Positive School Climate.” (2002).

Lembga Tes Masuk Perguruan Tiinggi. “Top 1000 Sekolah Tahun 2021 Berdasarkan Nilai UTBK.”

MacNeil, Angus J., Doris L. Prater, and Steve Busch. “The Effects of School Culture and Climate on Student Achievement.” International Journal of Leadership in Education 12, no. 1 (2009): 73–84.

Malinen, Olli Pekka, and Hannu Savolainen. “The Effect of Perceived School Climate and Teacher Efficacy in Behavior Management on Job Satisfaction and Burnout: A Longitudinal Study.” Teaching and Teacher Education 60 (2016): 144–152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2016.08.012.

Martínez-Fernández, Ma Belén, Ma José Díaz-Aguado, José C. Chacón, Javier Martín-Babarro, and Rosario Martínez-Arias. “Student Misbehaviour and School Climate: A Multilevel Study.” Psicologia Educativa 27, no. 1 (2021): 1–11.

Meristo, Merilyn, and Eve Eisenschmidt. “Novice Teachers’ Perceptions of School Climate and Self-Efficacy.” International Journal of Educational Research 67 (2014): 1–10.

Mitchell, M.M, Bradshaw, C.P., Leaf P.J. “Student and Teacher Perceptions of School Climate/ : A Multilevel.”Journal Of School Health 80, no. 6 (2010): 271–279.

Nwangwu, C. School Climate and Educational Management. Lagos: Amfitop Books, 2017.

Orzea, Ioana Emanuela. “Teachers’ Perspective on School Climate.” Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brasov, Special Issue Series VII: Social Sciences @BULLET Law @BULLET 9, no. 2 (2016): 1–6.

Pandia, Weny Savitry Sembiring, and Margaretha Purwanti. “Teachers’ Perceptions of School Climate in Inclusive Schools.” Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi 4, no. 1 (2019): 27.

PUNISA, PUNISA. “PENGARUH IKLIM SEKOLAH TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR PESERTA DIDIK DI MADRASAH ALIYAH NEGERI MASAMBA.” Institut agama islam Negeri (IAIN Palopo), 2020.

Radar Jombang Jawa Pos. “MIN 3 Jombang Terima Penghargaan Dari Pusat.”

Rafferty, Timothy J. “School Climate and Teacher Attitudes toward Upward Communication in Secondary Schools.” American Secondary Education (2003): 49–70.

Reaves, Shemon J, and Jeffry Allen Cozzens. “Teacher Perceptions of Climate, Motivation, and Self-Efficacy: Is There Really a Connection.” Journal of Education and Training Studies 6, no. 12 (2018): 48.

Short, Paula M, and James S Rinehart. “Teacher Empowerment and School Climate.” Education 113, no. Lmi (1993): 592–597.

Sweetland, Scott R., and Wayne K. Hoy. “School Characteristics and Educational Outcomes: Toward an Organizational Model of Student Achievement in Middle Schools.” Educational Administration Quarterly 36, no. 5 (2000): 703–729.

Tatar, Moshe, and Gabriel Horenczyk. “Diversity-Related Burnout among Teachers.” Teaching and Teacher Education 19, no. 4 (2003): 397–408.

Thapa, Amrit, Jonathan Cohen, Shawn Guffey, and Ann Higgins-D’Alessandro. “A Review of School Climate Research.” Review of Educational Research 83, no. 3 (2013): 357–385.

Tosuerdi. “Pengaruh Pembentukan Iklim Madrasah Dan Kinerja Guru Terhadap Hasil Belajar Peserta Didik Di Madrasah Aliyah Islamiyah Mundu Pesisir Kabupaten Cirebon.” Jurnal Pendidikan dan Studi Islam 4, no. 2 (2018): 114–128.

Vangrieken, Katrien, Filip Dochy, Elisabeth Raes, and Eva Kyndt. “Teacher Collaboration: A Systematic Review.” Educational Research Review 15 (2015): 17–40.

Vukièeviæ, Jelena Pavièiæ, Marko Prpiæ, and Irena Cajner Mraoviæ. “Perceptions of School Climate by Students and Teachers in Secondary Schools in Croatia.” Sodobna Pedagogika/Journal of Contemporary Educational Studies 70, no. 4 (2019): 192–219.

Widyasari, Rully Rina. “Reposisi Dan Reaktualisasi Pendidikan Madrasah Dalam Memperkuat Eksistensi Pendidikan Di Era 4.0.” Edukasia: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran 1, no. 1 (2020): 55–65.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30821/miqot.v45i2.856

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexed by: