THE CONCEPT OF IDEAL PAI TEACHERS ACCORDING TO AL-GHAZÂLÎ AND IT’S RELEVANCE TO PAI TEACHERS IN CONTEMPORARY ISLAMIC EDUCATION

Syahrizal Syahrizal

Abstract


Abstract: This study described the PAI teachers in contemporary Islamic education based on al-Ghazâlî’s concept, including theirtasks, roles, requirements, relevance, and competency. Followingthe descriptive, textual, and reflective analysis of the Ihyâ’ ‘Ulûm al-Dîn,PAI teachers areexpected to guide the education process, including the aspects of khuluqiyah, ‘ubûdiyah, tauhîdiyah, and tazkiyat al-nafs as stated by al-Ghazâlî. Theyplay essential roles in the student’s success, such as being fathers, mentors, advisors, reformers, psychologists, motivators, demonstrators and evaluators. According to al-Ghazâlî, PAI teachers should be qualified especially in psychology and didactic pedagogy, and be competent in personal and professional religion. Al-Ghazâlî’s concept on the PAI teacher’s tasks, roles, requirements, and competency, is relevant in contemporary Islamic education.

Abstrak: Tulisan ini bertujuan memaparkan konsep guru PAI menurut al-Ghazâlî yang mencakup tugas, peran, persyaratan, dan kompetensi guru PAI serta relevansinya dengan guru PAI dalam pendidikan Islam kontemporer. Berdasarkan analisis deskriptif, tekstual, dan reflektif dengan merujuk kitab Ihyâ’ ‘Ulûm al-Dîn, hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa guru PAI versi al-Ghazâlî memiliki tugas yang berat dalam proses pendidikan anak didik, yaitu tugas yang mencakup aspek khuluqiyah, ‘ubûdiyah, tauhîdiyah, dan tazkiyat al-nafs, dan memiliki peran penting demi kesuksesan pendidikan anak didik, yang meliputi peran sebagai ayah, pembimbing, penasehat, korektor, psikolog, motivator, demonstrator dan evaluator. Selain tugas dan peran tersebut, menurut al-Ghazâlî, menjadi guru PAI harus memenuhi beberapa persyaratan, terutama persyaratan yang berkaitan dengan aspek psikologis dan didaktis-pedagogis dan memiliki kompetensi personal-religius dan profesional-religius. Konsep al-Ghazâlî tentang tugas, peran, persyaratan, dan kompetensi guru PAI masih relevan dengan konteks guru PAI dalam pendidikan Islam kontemporer.

Keywords: PAI teachers, al-Ghazâlî, Ihyâ’ ‘Ulûm al-Dîn




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30821/miqot.v45i2.813

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