SOCIAL COMMUNICATION IN THE FIQH TAFSÎR: A Study of Muslims and Non-Muslims in the Qur’anic Interpretation

Ali Hamdan

Abstract


Abstract: This study is driven by a reality showing a social communication in a factual Fiqh interpretation between Muslim and non-Muslim in the Qur’an. Therefore, the question that needs to be answered is “how the fiqh interpretation can depict the social communication between Muslims and non-Muslims in the Qur’an?” This is a qualitative study, which is also a library study, and the whole data source is a written documentation. This study has depicted the social communication occurred between Muslims and non-Muslims through the Qur’an. The Qur’an mentioned that Islam and Muslim are parts of a belief, but it also mentions about non-Muslim in a samawi scope, which are Yahudi, Nasrani and Ahl al-Kitab. The social communication between Muslims and non-Muslims is also detected in the Qur’an comprising topics like knowing each other, conducting a convention of peace, and a more lenient relationship with the Christians because of the same origin and an equivalent dialog with the believers of Ahl al-Kitab in a topic that doubts the Oneness of Allah the Almighty.

Abstrak: Kajian ini berangkat dari sebuah realita adanya komunikasi sosial dalam faktual tafsir fikih antara muslim dan non-muslim dalam al-Qur’an. Oleh karena itu, maka pertanyaan yang ingin dijawab adalah “bagaimana tafsir fikih menggambarkan komunikasi sosial antara penganut muslim dan non-muslim dalam al-Qur’an”? Kajian ini adalah studi kualitatif dengan jenis studi pustaka dan semua sumber data berbentuk dokumentasi tertulis. Kajian ini telah menggambarkan adanya komunikasi sosial penganut muslim dan non-muslim dalam al-Qur’an. Al-Qur’an menyebutkan Islam dan Muslim sebagai sebuah keyakinan, namun juga menyebut penganut non-muslim dalam lingkup samawi yaitu Yahudi, Nasrani dan Ahl al-Kitab. Komunikasi sosial antara muslim dan non-muslim yang terdeteksi dalam al-Qur’an mencakup saling mengenal, mengadakan perjanjian damai, hubungan yang lebih soft dengan Nasrani karena kesamaan asal dan dialog setara dengan penganut Ahl al-Kitab dalam topik tidak menyekutukan Allah SWT. sebagai tuhan.

Keywords: social communication, fiqh tafsîr, Qur’anic exegesis, Muslim, Non-Muslim


Keywords


komunikasi sosial, tafsir fiqh, analitik, muslim non-muslim

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30821/miqot.v44i2.714

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