THE DISPUTES OF RATÉB SIRIBÈE IN ACEH

Misri A Muchsin, Abdul Hadi, Abdul Manan, Rahmad Syah Putra

Abstract


Abstract: This study discusses the foundation of Sufi tenet developed by Shaykh Amran Waly and the communities’ response to the integration of the tenet – the Study Council of Sufism Tawhîd (MPTT) and ratéb siribèe (one-thousand dzikr)–within the northern and eastern Aceh, Indonesia. Qualitative approach was implemented as the observation, in-depth interviews and documentation studies were due to collect the data. MPTT and ratéb siribèe as its integration aim to restore the grandeur of Acehnese people in the past. However, the tenet was responded in many ways by the communities. Some considered that MPTT and ratéb siribèe could act as a means of practicing Sufism, while the others assumed that the teachings developed were deviant since those contain the style of Ibn al-‘Arabî and al-Jîlî Sufism– once considered heretical with the concept of wahdah al-wujûd (unity of existence), which is dissimilar with the Sufism concept–wahdah al-syuhûd (unity of appearance).
 
Abstrak: Penelitian ini mengkaji fondasi ajaran tauhid-tasawuf yang dikembangkan oleh Shaykh Amran Waly. Penelitian ini juga menelaah respons masyarakat utara dan timur Aceh terhadap integrasi dari ajaran tersebut–Majelis Pengkajian Tauhid-Tasawuf (MPTT) dan ratéb siribèe (zikir seribu). Pendekatan kualitatif diimplementasikan dengan observasi, wawancara mendalam, dan studi dokumentasi sebagai instrumen pengumpul data. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa ajaran tersebut berdasarkan dari gaya sufisme yang dikembangkan oleh Shaykh ‘Abdul Karîm al-Jîlî yang pernah dianggap bidah. MPTT dan ratéb siribèe sebagai integrasi ajaran tersebut memiliki tujuan untuk mengembalikan kejayaan rakyat Aceh pada masa lalu. Namun, berbagai respons muncul dari kalangan masyarakat. Beberapa menganggap MPTT dan ratéb siribèe dapat menjadi media untuk melatih ajaran sufisme, sementara pihak lainnya menganggap ajaran tersebut sesat karena mengandung gaya sufisme dari al-‘Arabî dan al-Jîlî yaitu wahdah al-wujûd (keberadaan) dan bertolak belakang dengan konsep sufisme wahdah al-syuhûd (rupa) Syekh Abuya Muda Waly al-Khalidy.
 
Keywords: Amran Waly, MPTT, ratéb siribèe, sufism, tawhîd

Keywords


Amran Waly; MPTT; Rateb Siribee; Sufism; Tasawwuf; Tauheed

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Khalidy, Amran Waly. Risalah Tauhid Tasawuf Dan Tauhid Sufi. Vol. 1. Pawoh: MPTT, 2020.

Al-Khalidy, Amran Waly. Risalah Tauhid Tasawuf Dan Tauhid Sufi. Vol. 2. Pawoh: MPTT, 2020.

Al-Khalidy, Amran Waly. “Aceh, Masyarakatnya, Dan Langkah-Langkah Yang Diperjuangkan Dalam Ajaran Tauhid Tasawuf Bagi Masyarakat.” In Maulid Nabi Besar Muhammad SAW 1437, 1–12. Pawoh, 2016.

Al-Khalidy, Amran Waly. Konsep Ajaran Tasawuf Majelis Pengkajian Tauhid Tasawuf. Pawoh: MPTT, 2013.

Al-Khalidy, Muhibuddin Waly. Ulama Aceh Dan Peranannya Dalam Pembangunan Pendidikan. Jakarta: IAIN Syarif Hidayatullah, 1996.

Ambary, Hasan Muarif. “Ulama Besar Dan Kualitas Intelektualnya.” In Tracing Back the Paths of Hamzah Al-Fansury: An Intellectual, a Sufi and a Man of the Letters. Jakarta, 2013.

Al-Sa‘dy, ‘Abd al-Rahmân. Tauhîd. Riyâdh: Dâr al-Qâsim, 1923.

Bakhtiar, Amsal. Tasawuf & Gerakan Tarekat. Bandung: Angkasa, 2003.

Basry, Hasanoel. “Apa Itu Aliran Islam Nusantara Serta MPTT.” YouTube: Love Aceh, 2018.

Firdaus. “Meretas Jejak Sufisme Di Nusantara.” Al-Adyan: Jurnal Studi Lintas Agama 13, no. 2 (2018): 303–37.

Ichwan, Moch Nur. “Neo-Sufism, Shari‘atism, and Ulama Politics: Abuya Shaykh Amran and Tauhid-Tasawuf Movement in Post-Conflict Aceh.” In Islam, Politics and Change: The Indonesian Experience After the Fall of Suharto. Leiden: Leiden University Press, 2016.

Ja’far, Ja’far. Gerbang Tasawuf: Dimensi Teoretis Dan Praktis Ajaran Kaum Sufi. Medan: Perdana Publishing, 2016.

Ja’far, Ja’far. Warisan Filsafat Nusantara: Sejarah Filsafat Islam Aceh Abad XVI-XVII M. Banda Aceh: PeNA, 2010.

Kahar, Syadidul. “Dynamics of the Intellectual Tradition of Ulama Dayah Aceh.” Lakhomi Journal Scientific Journal of Culture 2, no. 1 (2021), 46–53.

Kloos, David. “Aceh: History, Politics and Culture.” Pacific Affairs 86, no. 1 (2013), 193–95.

Manan, Abdul. “The Influence of Tarekat Syattariyah toward Political and Social Aspects in the Regency of Nagan Raya, Aceh-Indonesia.” International Journal of Advanced Research 5, no. 7 (2017): 258–67.

Manan, Abdul, and Fauzi Ismail. Syari’at Islam Di Aceh: Realitas Dan Respon Masyarakat. Banda Aceh: Ar-Raniry Press, 2014.

MDSD. “Majelis Pengkajian Tauhid Tasawuf: Akankah Diterima Ulama?.” Media Dakwah Santri Dayah, March 2010.

Miles, Matthew B., and A. Michael Huberman. An Expanded Source Book: Qualitative Data Analysis. 2nd ed. California: SAGE, 1994.

Misbah, T. Lembong. Gerakan Dakwah Sufistik: Majelis Pengkajian Tauhid-Tasauwuf Abuya Syeikh Amran Waly Al-Khalidi Di Aceh. Yogyakarta: UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 2016.

MPTT. Ministerial Decree of the Establishment of Majelis Pengkajian Tawhid Tasawwuf (2016).

MPTT. Notarial Deed of the Establishment of Majelis Pengkajian Tawhid Tasawwuf, Pub. L. No. 14 (2004).

Musliadi. Abuya Syekh Muda Waly Al-Khalidy (1917-1961 M) Syekhul Islam Aceh: Tokoh Pendidikan Dan Ulama ‘Arif Billah. Banda Aceh: Yayasan PeNa, 2017.

Nur, Syaifan. “Dialektika Filsafat Islam Sufistik Wujuddiyah Di Indonesia.” Refleksi: Jurnal Filsafat Dan Pemikiran Islam 17, no. 1 (2017): 43–60.

Rusdiyanto, and Musafar. “Ajaran Wujudiyah Menurut Nuruddin Ar-Raniri.” Potret Pemikiran 22, no. 1 (2018): 1–10.

Salim, Arskal. “‘Sharia from below’ in Aceh (1930s–1960s): Islamic Identity and the Right to Self determination with Comparative Reference to the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).” Indonesia and the Malay World 32, no. 92 (2004): 80–99.

Santri, Majalah. “MPU Larang Peredaran Buku Syeikh Haji Amran Waly.” Majalah Santri, December 2009.

Serambi News. “Bangkitnya Ajaran Kesufian Nusantara.” Serambi News, 2017.

Serambi News. “Menyatukan Ummat Melalui Tauhid Dan Tasawuf.” Serambi News, 2017.

Wasino, Endah Sri Hartatik, Nina Witasari, Muhammad Iqbal Birsyada, Balraj Singh, and Fitri Amalia Shintasiwi. “A Historical Perspective of Sufism Networking in Asia: From India to Indonesian Archipelago.” PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 17, no. 3 (2020): 761–74. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.48080/jae.v17i3.169.

“4 Kategori Berzikir.” Indonesia: MPTT Nusantara, 2019.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30821/miqot.v45i1.798

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexed by: