CHARACTER EDUCATION IN ISLAMIC EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS: A Study on the Impact of Lecturer Competence at IAIN Lhokseumawe

Syarifah Rahmah, Muhammad Fadhli


Abstract. This study aims to determine the effect of lecturer competence on the character of students at IAIN Lhokseumawe. The research method used is quantitative with a path analysis model. The research subjects were students of IAIN Lhokseumawe. With a total sample of 351 people. Sampling was done using the proportional random sampling technique. Based on the research findings, professional competence has the strongest and most significant impact on character development followed by pedagogical, social, and personality competencies. This finding implies that higher education institutions need to develop lecturers' competencies, especially professional competencies to realize better character education among universities.

Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kompetensi Dosen terhadap karakter mahasiswa IAIN Lhokseumawe. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah kuantitatif dengan model analisis jalur. Subjek penelitian adalah mahasiswa IAIN Lhokseumawe dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 351 orang. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik proporstional random sampling. Temuan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kompetensi profesional memiliki dampak paling kuat dan signifikan terhadap pengembangan karakter diikuti oleh kompetensi paedagogik, sosial dan kepribadian. Temuan ini berimplikasi bahwa lembaga pendidikan tinggi perlu mengembangkan kompetensi dosen terutama kompetensi profesional guna mewujudkan pendidikan karakter yang lebih baik di kalangan perguruan tinggi.

Keywords: pedagogical, professional, personality, social, Islamic student character

Full Text:



Anggraini, Nadya, and Putri Dini Rawati. “Plagiarisme Di Kalangan Mahasiswa.” Jambi Independent. 2019.

Arthur, James. “Traditional Approaches to Character Education in Britain And.” In Handbook of Moral and Character Education, edited by Larry Nucci, Darcia Narvaez, and Tobias Krettenauer, 2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 2014.

Birch, Phil David John, John Batten, Andrew John Manley, and Matthew Jeffery Smith. “An Exploratory Investigation Examining the Cues That Students Use to Form Initial Impressions and Expectancies of Lecturers.” Teaching in Higher Education 17, no. 6 (2012): 660–72.

Blašková, Martina, Rudolf Blaško, Miriam Jankalová, and Radoslav Jankal. “Key Personality Competences of University Teacher: Comparison of Requirements Defined by Teachers and/Versus Defined by Students.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 114 (2014): 466–75.

Browning, Brandon R., Ryon C. McDermott, Marjorie E. Scaffa, Nathan R. Booth, and Nicole T. Carr. “Character Strengths and First-Year College Students’ Academic Persistence Attitudes: An Integrative Model.” The Counseling Psychologist 46, no. 5 (2018): 608–31.

Carl, van der Merwe Daniel. “The Usefulness of Student Evaluations for Enhancing the Effectiveness of Teaching of Financial Accounting Students at a South African University.” In Accounting in Africa, edited by Venancio Tauringana and Musa Mangena, 12 Part A:107–26. Research in Accounting in Emerging Economies. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2012.

Dalton, Jon, and Pamela C. Crosby. “How We Teach Character in College: A Retrospective on Some Recent Higher Education Initiatives That Promote Moral and Civic Learning.” Journal of College and Character 11, no. 2 (2010). 1264.

Daulay, Asrul, and Ja’far Ja’far, eds. Falsafah Pendidikan Islami: Menguak Nilai-Nilai Pendidikan Dalam Tradisi Islam. Medan: Perdana Publishing, 2016.

Deering, Kris, and Jo Williams. “Social Justice, Capabilities and Learning Support Provided by Lecturers: A Phenomenological-Hermeneutic Study.” Nurse Education in Practice 37 (2019): 153–58.

Dimyati, Taufiqur Rahman. “Pembentukan Karakter Mahasiswa Dalam Sistem Pendidikan Tinggi Islam.” TADRIS: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 13, no. 1 (2018): 17.

Farr-Wharton, Ben, Michael B. Charles, Robyn Keast, Geoff Woolcott, and Daniel Chamberlain. “Why Lecturers Still Matter: The Impact of Lecturer-Student Exchange on Student Engagement and Intention to Leave University Prematurely.” Higher Education 75, no. 1 (2018): 167–85.

Fathorrahman. “Kompetensi Pedagogik, Profesional, Kepribadian Dan Kompetensi Sosial Dosen.” Akademika 15, no. 1 (2017): 1–6.

Gedviliene, Genute, Simona Ziziene, Ausrine Pasvenskiene, and Simona Ziziene. “The Social Competence Concept Development in Higher Education.” European Scientific Journal 10, no. 28 (2014): 36–49.

Goldstein, Gary S., and Victor A. Benassi. “Students’ and Instructors’ Beliefs About Excellent Lecturers and Discussion Leaders.” Research in Higher Education 47, no. 6 (2006): 685–707.

Hernández-López, Lidia, Desiderio J. García-Almeida, José L. Ballesteros-Rodríguez, and Petra De Saá-Pérez. “Students’ Perceptions of the Lecturer’s Role in Management Education: Knowledge Acquisition and Competence Development.” The International Journal of Management Education 14, no. 3 (2016): 411–21.

Ibrayev, Beibit. “Lecturer’s Image in Students’ Opinion as College Lecturer’s Image Component.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 140 (2014): 413–18.

Izfanna, Duna, and Nik Ahmad Hisyam. “A Comprehensive Approach in Developing Akhlaq.” Multicultural Education & Technology Journal 6, no. 2 (2012): 77–86.

Jaya, Indra, and Ardat. Penerapan Statistik Pendidikan. Bandung: Citapustaka, 2013.

Jeynes, William H. “A Meta-Analysis on the Relationship Between Character Education and Student Achievement and Behavioral Outcomes.” Education and Urban Society 51, no. 1 (2019): 33–71.

Kagaari, James R.K., and J.C. Munene. “Engineering Lecturers’ Competencies and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB) at Kyambogo University.” Journal of European Industrial Training 31, no. 9 (2007): 706–26.

Khoza, Hlologelo Climant, and Eunice Nyamupangedengu. “Prompts Used by Biology Lecturers in Large Lecture Group Settings to Promote Student Interaction.” African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education 22, no. 3 (2018): 386–95.

Larson, Chris A, and Barbera A Martin. “An Examination of the Effectiveness of a Collegiate Character Education Program.” Journal of College and Character 6, no. 6 (2005).

Long, Choi Sang, Zaiton Ibrahim, and Tan Owee Kowang. “An Analysis on the Relationship between Lecturers’ Competencies and Students’ Satisfaction.” International Education Studies 7, no. 1 (2013).

Lu Hsu, Jane, and Hsin Yi Chiu. “Perceived Differences in Teaching Performance from Viewpoints of Lecturers and Students.” International Journal of Educational Management 23, no. 7 (2009): 564–73.

Matovu, Musa, and Ainol Madziah Zubairi. “Self-Perceived Assessment Competencies and Practices among University Lecturers.” Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education 6, no. 2 (2014): 269–84.

McElmeel, Sharron L. Character Education: A Book Guide For Teachers, Librarians, And Parents. New York: Libraries Unlimited, 2002.

Na’imah. “Islamic Character Education Management in Developing the Empathy Values for Students Islamic of State University of Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta.” Dinamika Ilmu 18, no. 2 (December 2018): 285–304.

Ng, Rita Mei-Ching. “College and Character: What Did Confucius Teach Us About The Importance of Integrating Ethics, Character, Learning, and Education?” Journal of College and Character 10, no. 4 (2009).

Okumu, Jacob O. “Character Formation and Service: A Millennial Student’s Experience.” Journal of College and Character 13, no. 4 (2012).

Orpinas, Pamela. “Social Competence.” In The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology, edited by Irving B. Wriner and W.Edward Craighead. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.

Regmi, Krishna. “Assessing Students’ Written Work: Experience of a Student Practice Lecturer in the UK.” Reflective Practice 11, no. 1 (2010): 107–14.

Roux, Kate le, and Bruce Kloot. “Pedagogy for Modelling Problem Solving in Engineering Dynamics: A Social Semiotic Analysis of a Lecturer’s Multimodal Language Use.” European Journal of Engineering Education 45, no. 4 (2020): 631–52.

Rowe, Anna Dluzewska, Julie Fitness, and Leigh Norma Wood. “University Student and Lecturer Perceptions of Positive Emotions in Learning.” International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education 28, no. 1 (2015): 1–20.

Ryan, Kevin, and Karen E. Bohlin. Building Character in Schools: Practical Ways to Bring Moral Instruction to Life. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2003.

Samian, Yahya, and Norah Md Noor. “Student’s Perception on Good Lecturer Based on Lecturer Performance Assessment.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 56 (2012): 783–90.

Shaari, Abdull Sukor, Nurahimah Mohd Yusoff, Izam Mohd Ghazali, Rafisah Hj Osman, and Nur Fatirah Mohd Dzahir. “The Relationship between Lecturers’ Teaching Style and Students’ Academic Engagement.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 118 (2014): 10–20.

Slabbert, Anke. “Lecturer Dress Code and Student Perceptions of Lecturer Professional Attributes.” Journal of Psychology in Africa 29, no. 2 (March 2019): 176–81.

Smagorinsky, Peter, and Joel Taxel. The Discourse of Character Education: Culture Wars in the Classroom. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2005.

Soutter, Madora, and Scott Seider. “College Access, Student Success, and the New Character Education.” Journal of College and Character 14, no. 4 (2013).

Su, Feng, and Margaret Wood. “What Makes a Good University Lecturer? Students’ Perceptions of Teaching Excellence.” Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education 4, no. 2 (2012): 142–55.

Sukirno, D.S., and Sununta Siengthai. “Does Participative Decision Making Affect Lecturer Performance in Higher Education?” International Journal of Educational Management 25, no. 5 (2011): 494–508.

Terblanche, Wendy, Dharmini Fakir, Willie Chinyamurindi, and Syden Mishi. “Impact of Self-Esteem and Student-and-Lecturer Interaction on Academic Performance in a Chartered Accounting Programme.” Journal of Further and Higher Education, July 2020, 1–17.

Uleanya, Chinaza. “Exploring Effects of Lecturers–Students’ Relationship on Students Academic Performances in Selected Rural Universities.” Interchange 51, no. 4 (2020): 345–60.

Voss, Roediger. “Studying Critical Classroom Encounters.” Quality Assurance in Education 17, no. 2 (2009): 156–73.

Voss, Roediger, and Thorsten Gruber. “The Desired Teaching Qualities of Lecturers in Higher Education: A Means End Analysis.” Quality Assurance in Education 14, no. 3 (2006): 217–42.

Webber, Jonathan. “Sartre’s Theory of Character.” European Journal of Philosophy 14, no. 1 (2006): 94–116.

Widiarini, Anissa Dea. “Jadi Salah Satu Fokus Pembangunan, Apa Kabar Pendidikan Tinggi Di Indonesia?” Kompas, 2018.

Wilford, Miko M., Nayantara Kurpad, Melanie Platt, and Yana Weinstein Jones. “Lecturer Fluency Can Impact Students’ Judgments of Learning and Actual Learning Performance.” Applied Cognitive Psychology, August 2020.

Xiao, Jian, and Stephen Wilkins. “The Effects of Lecturer Commitment on Student Perceptions of Teaching Quality and Student Satisfaction in Chinese Higher Education.” Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management 37, no. 1 (2015): 98–110.

Žeravíková, Iveta, Anna Tirpáková, and Dagmar Markechová. “The Analysis of Professional Competencies of a Lecturer in Adult Education.” SpringerPlus 4, no. 1 (2015): 234.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Indexed by: