THE RELATIONS OF RELIGION AND ETHNICITY OF URBAN COMMUNITIES IN SURABAYA

Kunawi Basyir

Abstract


Abstract: The phenomenon of social life related to religion and ethnicity of urban communities in Surabaya has been and is becoming a special concern for the government of Surabaya and academicians Because, the metropolitan city (Surabaya) which has various types of differences in religion, ethnicity, and culture of ethnic communities (Javanese, Madurese, Chinese, Arabic) has provided its color of in-depth study and research. This article will describe the results of studies and research with the title "religious relations and ethnicity of urban communities in Surabaya" deeply and in detail. This study used a qualitative method, where data collection is held by participant observation and open interviews, then analyzed the data using the social construction theory approach. This research found that religion is no longer a binding tool (unifier) for various ethnic and cultural backgrounds. On the contrary, religion is thought to have been a trigger for the emergence and development of the inter-ethnic conflict.

Abstrak: Fenomena kehidupan sosial yang berkaitan dengan agama dan etnis masyarakat perkotaan di Surabaya telah dan menjadi perhatian khusus pemerintah Surabaya dan kalangan akademisi. Karena, kota metropolitan (Surabaya) yang memiliki berbagai jenis perbedaan agama, suku, dan Budaya masyarakat etnis (Jawa, Madura, Tionghoa, Arab) telah memberikan warna tersendiri dalam kajian dan penelitian yang mendalam. Artikel ini akan memaparkan hasil kajian dan penelitian dengan judul "relasi agama dan etnisitas masyarakat perkotaan di Surabaya" secara mendalam dan detail. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif, dimana pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi partisipan dan wawancara terbuka, kemudian data dianalisis dengan menggunakan pendekatan teori konstruksi sosial. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa agama bukan lagi alat pengikat (pemersatu) berbagai latar belakang suku dan budaya. Sebaliknya, agama justru dianggap sebagai pemicu munculnya dan berkembangnya konflik antar etnis.

Keywords: religion, ethnicity, social conditions, urban society


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30821/miqot.v44i1.717

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