GERAKAN KEAGAMAAN DAN PETA AFILIASI IDEOLOGIS PENDIDIKAN ISLAM DI LOMBOK

Saparudin Saparudin

Abstract


Abstrak: Pendidikan Islam yang sejatinya menjadi wadah keilmuan cenderung lebih merepresentasikan gerakan keagamaan yang menaunginya. Kondisi ini membawa madrasah dan sekolah Islam sebagai instrumen untuk memperkuat eksistensi dan ideologi masing-masing. Kecenderungan ini bersamaan dengan demokratisasi yang dijalankan sejak reformasi 1998, di mana gerakan keagamaan memperoleh ruang dan momentum. Studi ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dan memetakan kecenderungan dinamika pendidikan Islam di Lombok yang direpresentasikan oleh tiga gerakan keagamaan, masing-masing Nahdlatul Wathan, Muhammadiyah dan Salafi. Sesuai fokus kajian, dipandang relevan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan sosiologis dijadikan sebagai cognitive framework dalam analisis hasil penelitian. Studi ini mem-buktikan bahwa hubungan kelompok keagamaan dengan pendidikan bersifat dialektis. Keragaman gerakan keagamaan menentukan corak ideologis pendidikan Islam. Sebaliknya, pendidikan Islam berkontribusi dalam memperkuat perbedaan dan jarak antar kelompok keagamaan.

Abstract: Religious Movement and Ideological Afiliation of Islamic Education in Lombok. Islamic education as scientific means tend to represent more as Islamic movement that supervise them. This problem bring madrasah and Islamic education as the instrument to strengthening their existence and ideology respectively. The fenomena is a long with a democratication which began since reformation era in 1998, wherein Islamic movement gained space and momentum. The aim of this paper is to analyse and map the dynamics of Islamic education in Lombok represented by such three religious movements, as Nahdlatul Wathan, Muhammadiyah and Salafi. This study utilizes qualitative methode with a sociological approach as cognitive framework. This paper argues that the relationship between the Islamic groups with Islamic education is dialectis. The diversity of religious movements determines the ideological pattern of Islamic Education. Conversely, Islamic education contributes to strengthening differences and distance between among denominations.

Kata Kunci: Nahdlatul Wathan, Muhammadiyah, Salafi, pendidikan Islam, Lombok


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30821/miqot.v42i1.506

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